New Education Policy 2020: The Ministry of Human Resources and Development (MHRD) was renamed as Ministry of Education. This decision has been taken during the Modi cabinet meeting. During this meeting, the Modi government has also approved the new education policy. Education Minister Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal Ninshak said that the biggest consultation process in the world was to prepare the National Education Policy 2020. He said that I wish the country more than 1000 universities, more than 1 crore teachers and 33 crore students.
During the announcement, Union Minister Prakash Javadekar said that the new national education policy has been approved in the cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi today. Let us tell you that the consultation process was run before the new National Education Policy 2020, which lasted from 26 January 2019 to 31 October 2019.
Apart from the ministers, the secretary and other officials of the Ministry of Human Resource Development were also present in the briefing program organized by the Press Information Office at 4 pm today. Several points were discussed in this briefing, which will be adopted in future for the new education policy. Let us know about the main points which are going to be of great use for the students in future.
1) Common entrance exam will be for admission in higher education institutions
In the new National Education Policy 2020, the Common Entrance Exam will be offered by the National Examination Agency for admission to higher education institutions. It will not be mandatory for the institute.
2) Facility of multiple entry and exit system will be provided, without PhD, M.Phil can directly do PhD
In the multiple entry and exit system, certificate will be given after first year, diploma after second year and degree after three-four years. A 4-year degree program can then do MA and then PhD directly without M.Phil.
3) There will be a change in board exam pattern
Under the new education policy (NEP) provisions will be made to make board exams easier, students as well as parents are under great stress regarding board exams, which has been said to be reduced. According to the NEP, the board examination will be continued for grades 10 and 12.
Board exams will be made ‘easy’, as they will mainly test core abilities, competencies rather than coaching or memorizing them. NEP stated that guidelines would be prepared by NCERT with SCERTs, Boards of Assessment (BoAs), and PARAKH, proposed new National Assessment Centers, etc.
4) Professional standard will be applied for teachers
One of the highlights of the new education policy is a general guiding set of National Professional Standards (NPST) for teachers which will be developed by the National Council of Technical Education (NCTE) by 2022. The policy also states that NCTE will be reorganized as a Professional Standards Setting Body (PSSB) under a General Education Council (GEC).
The policy also states that by 2030 teacher education will be gradually shifted to multi-disciplinary colleges and universities. By 2030, the minimum degree qualification for teaching is 4-year integrated B.Ed. Degree will be done.
2-year B.Ed. Programs will also be offered only to those who have already obtained bachelor’s degrees in other specialized subjects. Adapted 1-year B.Ed. Program for those who have completed the equivalent of a 4-year multi-subject Bachelor’s degree or who have obtained a master’s degree in a specialty and wish to become a subject teacher in that specialty.
Multi-disciplinary higher education institutions accredited for open distance learning are also high-quality B.Ed. Mixed or open distance learning ODL mode course.
5) Emphasis will be given on Sanskrit and other regional languages
The new Education Policy (NEP), approved by the Union Cabinet on Wednesday, proposes the establishment of the Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation (IITI) with a significant emphasis on Sanskrit and other Indian languages.
According to the NEP and IITT will be established which will make extensive use of the technology to aid in its translation and interpretation efforts. Another feature of the policy is that Sanskrit will be made “mainstream” with strong offerings in the school – including one of the language options in the three-language formula – as well as higher education. Sanskrit universities will also be pushed towards becoming large multi-disciplinary institutions of higher education. Apart from this, it has been said to promote regional languages in the education world.
6) Vocational education has been brought under the ambit of new education policy
The biggest feature of the new education policy is that school education, higher education along with agricultural education, legal education, medical education and technical education have been brought under its ambit.
7) 6% of GDP will be invested in education
The government has set a target to put 6% of GDP in education, which is now 4.43%. Education sector will be increased by increasing it.
8) NRF (National Research Foundation) to be formed on the lines of NSF (National Science Foundation) of US
We are bringing NRF (National Research Foundation) on the lines of NSF (National Science Foundation) of US. This will include not only science but also social science. It will finance large projects. This will help us to come forward in research along with education. Apart from this, it will finance big projects.
9) Study on 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 pattern from school to college
In the new education policy, the government has also proposed to prepare a new curriculum for the students. For this, the design of 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 has been decided for students from 3 to 18 years. Under this, a 5-year program has been fixed for the initial stage studies of the students. In these 3 years pre-primary and class-1 and 2 have been added. After this, class-3, 4 and 5 are placed in the next stage. Apart from this, Class-6, 7, 8 are divided into three-year programs. After all, Class 9, 10, 11, 12 have been placed in the high stage.
10) An emotionally safe environment will be provided for girls, Kasturba Gandhi Girls School will be expanded
It has been suggested to provide an emotionally safe environment for girls to continue their education. The proposal to expand Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya to 12th class has been made in the draft new education policy-2019.