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Explainer: Question about halal in meat industry, India is world’s largest buffalo meat producer

India is a very prosperous country in terms of livestock and the export of animal products occupies a very important place in the total agricultural products. India holds the number one position in the world in terms of production of buffalo meat. Indian Buffalo Meat is very popular in the world due to its quality.

The central government has decided to remove the word ‘halal’ from the red meat manual. A question has arisen on this. Let us know what is India’s position in meat production and which countries does India export to?




The Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA), under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, oversees agricultural exports. Earlier in the Red Meat manual, it was written that according to the needs of Islamic countries, animals have been killed (killed) under the Halal process.

APEDA has also made it clear that there is no condition for halal meat from the Government of India. It states that a decision can be taken in terms of the country being exported or the need of the importer.

Number one in the world

India is a very prosperous country in terms of livestock and the export of animal products occupies a very important place in the total agricultural products. According to the government data, in the year 2019, the number of buffalo (buffalo or buffalo) in India was 10.98 crore, the number of sheep was 7.42 crore, the number of goats was 14.88 crore, the number of pigs was 90 lakh poultry i.e. 85.18 crore.

If we talk about meat product, then it includes Sheep / Goat Meat, Buffalo Meat, Other Meat like pigs etc. India ranks third in total meat exports and first in buffalo meat exports in the world.

Meat production in India is largely in the unorganized sector, so no accurate data on domestic demand is available. In small towns, villages and cities, many shopkeepers sell meat, for which no official record is available.

According to APEDA, Indian Buffalo Meat is very popular in the world due to its quality. India holds the number one position in the world in the production of buffalo meat and has a market share of about 42.60 per cent. India exports frozen and fresh chilled meats to more than 70 countries. About 97 percent of it is made from frozen buffalo meat.

The most part of chicken

Poultry accounts for the maximum 50.06 percent of the total meat production of the country, 19.05 percent of buffalo, 13.53 percent of goats, 8.36 percent of sheep and 4.98 percent of pigs. India’s share in the world’s egg production is about 5.65 percent.

Where does buffalo meat go

The largest customer of Buffalo Meat is Vietnam, followed by Egypt, Malaysia, Indonesia and Iraq. India exports buffalo meat to more than 70 countries in Southeast Asia, Middle East, Africa, CIS countries etc.

India’s major client countries for Buffalo Meat are Vietnam, Malaysia, Egypt, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Philippines, Indonesia, UAE, Algeria and Russia. There are about 11 state-of-the-art meat plants in the country where frozen buffalo meat is produced.

Buffalo Meat’s 5 Major Customers Countries

1. Vietnam
2. Egypt
3. Malaysia
4. Indonesia
5. Iraq

Goat meat is the highest in Gulf countries

According to APEDA, India exported meat worth about Rs 26,383.99 crore in 2019-20 last year, of which buffalo meat was about Rs 22668.47 crore, sheep-goat meat was about Rs 646.69 crore and poultry product was about Rs 574.58 crore. Meat exports from other animals like pigs, etc., amounted to about Rs 16.32 crore. The largest client countries of Goat meat include UAE, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait, Oman etc.

Buffalo meat accounts for about 90 percent of India’s total animal product exports. In the year 2018-19, India exported 12.4 lakh tonnes of buffalo meat worth Rs 25,168.31 crore.

UP is at the forefront

Uttar Pradesh has the largest share of about 65 percent of the total meat exports. It is the largest producer of buffalo meat. This is followed by Punjab and Maharashtra. About half of the country’s meat processing export units are in UP.

It is believed that 1500 to 2000 direct jobs are available in a plant producing 50 MT per day. Under the Prime Minister’s Self-Reliant India Campaign Relief Package, it has been said to provide Rs 15,000 crore for the Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund (AHIDF).

 Also Read: Indian Railways: Railway’s step to boost business, this portal started for freight

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